Sunday, December 5, 2010

Definitions of Scientific Terms

1. Phalanges- bones that form the fingers and toes.
2. Abduction- is a movement which brings a part of the anatomy away from the body.
3. Muscle endurance- the ability of a muscle or group of muscles to sustain repeated contractions against a resistance for an extended period of time
4. Pronation- the act of assuming the prone position, or the state of being prone. Applied to the hand, the act of turning the palm backward or downward, performed by medial rotation of the forearm
5. Flexion- a movement allowed by certain joints of the skeleton that decreases the angle between two adjoining bones, such as bending the elbow, which decreases the angle between the humerus and the ulna.
 6. Calcaneus - Heel of the foot
7. Cranium - The head
8. Acromial - The shoulder
9. Phalanges - The fingers
10. Oculus - The eyes
11. Manus - The hands
12. Lateral- situated on, directed toward, or coming from the side.
13. Diagonal plane- Upper limbs at shoulder joints; Overhand skills; EX. Baseball Pitch 
14. Lateral rotation- external rotation away from the midline of the body of the arm or leg in the transverse plane.
15. Plantar Flexion- is a sagittal plane movement in which it is an extension movement of the ankle that results in the foot/toes moving away from the body. 
16. Center of Gravity- point around which body weight is equally balanced no matter how the body is positioned.  
17. Anterior- situated before or at the front of; fore
18. Posterior- Further back in position; of or nearer the rear or hind end.
19. Inferior- away from the head. 
20. Superior- towards the head